History of an Empire: Germany

【双语】帝国春秋:德国
时间:2015-01-09 单词数:2670

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导读:德意志联邦共和国,欧洲中部最大的国家,这片土地饱受古典音乐的浸润滋养,散发着古典哲学的理性光芒。这里曾经是第二次工业革命的发祥地,以现代大学和科技发明闻名于世,也曾经是两次世界大战的策源地,以惊人的破坏力,伤害了世界,也伤害了自己。而这一切,都源于这个民族对长期分裂和战乱的集体记忆。统一和强大,成为德意志发展的最大动力。

History of an Empire: Germany

帝国春秋:德国

In the beginning of the 18th century, Prussia appeared on the historical horizon and in the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the German Confederation was established. When nations in Europe founded their national country one after another, Germany which lied in the middle of European continent was still disintegrated. The Germans who bore a painful memory for split longed for a united nation and in the year 1848, revolution broke out around Germany.

18世纪初普鲁士崛起,根据1815年维也纳会议,组成了德意志邦联。当欧洲各国纷纷建立民族国家之际,欧洲大陆中部的一片国土始终处于四分五裂的状态。对分裂有着痛苦记忆的德意志人在思索中呼唤着一个统一的国家。1848年德国各地爆发革命。

Surrounded by European powers, the iron-and-blood Prime Minister Bismarck managed to find a way out. After full preparation in diplomacy, Prussia finally united Germany with three wars and founded the German Empire in 1871. Bismarck who also took up the post of Prime Minister of Germany followed the homeostatic principle of the European countries and won valuable time and space for Germany.

铁血宰相俾斯麦则在欧洲列强环伺的夹缝中求生存,在外交上作足准备后,最终以三场对外的战争,在1871年完成了德国统一, 成立了德意志帝国。俾斯麦也同时出任德意志帝国的宰相。他遵循欧洲大国的均衡原则,为德国带了宝贵的和平发展空间。

In the 40 years after Germany was united, the German economy saw great-leap-forward development. Germany’s coal and iron output leapt to number one in Europe and the total output of chemical product leapt to number one in the world. By the year 1910, Germany’s industrial output surpassed all other European countries. Germany who had always been emphasizing importance on education, science and technology, quickly took lead in the second industrial revolution and became Europe’s first and the world’s second economic power.  

在1871年统一后的四十多年时间里,德国经济出现了跨越式的发展。德国的煤炭和钢铁产量跃居欧洲第一;化工产品总产量跃居世界首位;到1910年,德国的工业总量超越了所有欧洲国家。一直以来高度重视教育、科技的德意志,迅速站在了第二次工业革命的前沿,成为欧洲第一、世界第二大经济强国。

Yet unfortunately, Germany became the source of the two world wars then. After the Second World War, Germany was split again. Through deep and profound reflections on the war, Germany finally was reunited peacefully on October, 3, 1990.

但是,随后德国却很快成为两次世界大战的策源地。二战后,德国再次分裂。通过对战争的深刻反省,德国最终以和平的方式完成了国家的再次统一,时间是1990年10月3日。

来源:爱语吧爱语吧作者:Tina

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