History of an Empire: Germany

时间:2015-01-09 单词数:2670

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History of an Empire: Germany


In the beginning of the 18th century, Prussia appeared on the historical horizon and in the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the German Confederation was established. When nations in Europe founded their national country one after another, Germany which lied in the middle of European continent was still disintegrated. The Germans who bore a painful memory for split longed for a united nation and in the year 1848, revolution broke out around Germany.


Surrounded by European powers, the iron-and-blood Prime Minister Bismarck managed to find a way out. After full preparation in diplomacy, Prussia finally united Germany with three wars and founded the German Empire in 1871. Bismarck who also took up the post of Prime Minister of Germany followed the homeostatic principle of the European countries and won valuable time and space for Germany.

铁血宰相俾斯麦则在欧洲列强环伺的夹缝中求生存,在外交上作足准备后,最终以三场对外的战争,在1871年完成了德国统一, 成立了德意志帝国。俾斯麦也同时出任德意志帝国的宰相。他遵循欧洲大国的均衡原则,为德国带了宝贵的和平发展空间。

In the 40 years after Germany was united, the German economy saw great-leap-forward development. Germany’s coal and iron output leapt to number one in Europe and the total output of chemical product leapt to number one in the world. By the year 1910, Germany’s industrial output surpassed all other European countries. Germany who had always been emphasizing importance on education, science and technology, quickly took lead in the second industrial revolution and became Europe’s first and the world’s second economic power.  


Yet unfortunately, Germany became the source of the two world wars then. After the Second World War, Germany was split again. Through deep and profound reflections on the war, Germany finally was reunited peacefully on October, 3, 1990.