Here’s How Much the Flu Could Cost Businesses This Year别小看流感，今年的流感让美国企业损失了154亿美元 时间:2018-02-12 单词数:3830
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This flu season is one of the most intense in recent years. Flu virus activity is currently widespread in 49 states and hospitals are seeing roughly twice the number of patients with flu-related symptoms as in a typical year, according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC).
这个流感季是近年来爆发最猛烈的一次。美国疾病控制中心（Centers for Disease Control）的数据显示，流感病毒目前在49个州中广泛传播，医院里有流感相关症状的病人大约是往常年份的两倍。
The H3N2 strain of the flu is particularly aggressive and is causing problems for everyone from children to the NFL, as the number of cases in Minneapolis spikes ahead of Super Bowl LII.
Typically, according to the CDC, the direct cost of flu season hospitalizations and outpatient care in the U.S. is approximately $10.4 billion. In the U.S., flu season typically begins in October or November and can run through May, with peaks typically occurring between December and February.
Beyond individual health care costs, businesses also take a hit as productivity is lost while employees battle sickness. Between 5% and 20% of the U.S. population gets the flu each year, according to the CDC.
The severity of the flu this season caused Challenger, Gray, & Christmas, an employment consulting firm, to update its original flu season prediction from mid-January, which projected more than $9.4 billion in lost productivity.
这一次流感季的严重程度，也让就业咨询公司Challenger, Gray, & Christmas更新了1月中旬做出的流感季预测。公司原本预测，生产力的降低将带来超过94亿美元的损失。
The new estimate raised the previous figure by 64%, predicting that more than 18 million Americans will miss at least four eight-hour shifts due to the flu virus.
Based on the average hourly wage of $26.63, that time out sick could represent more than $15.4 billion in lost productivity across the nation.
If this year’s flu season reaches the severity of the 2009 swine flu epidemic, which infected more than 60 million people, the productivity costs could be as high as $21 billion, according to the firm’s estimates.
For smaller companies, workforce illnesses can quickly put day-to-day operations on hold, but sick employees coming into work also exacerbates the problem.
“Sick workers may think they are doing the right thing by ‘toughing it out’ and coming into work when they feel ill,” Challenger, Gray, and Christmas Vice President Andrew Challenger said. However, “they are only likely to spread their illness, potentially further interrupting optimum business operations.”
Challenger, Gray, and Christmas的副总裁安德鲁.查林杰表示：“员工可能认为‘咬紧牙关’带病上班是正确的选择。”然而，“他们可能会让病毒传播开来，进一步破坏企业的良好运转。”
Businesses can combat this loss by providing flu shots to their employees.
Although the flu vaccine is a bit less effective this year than in other recent flu seasons, getting a flu shot still helps. While it’s better to get your flu shot in the fall, it’s not too late. According to the CDC, flu activity is expected to continue for several more weeks.
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