We Can’t Shake Our High School Cliques?

珍惜学生生涯,对你的一生至关重要!
时间:2018-03-13 单词数:3160

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导读:友友们一定要珍惜自己在学校的时光,有研究表明受欢迎的青少年在学业上更成功、能赚更多钱、当他们老了之后关系也更强。

珍惜学生生涯,对你的一生至关重要!
_最新英语新闻

Popular teenagers have greater academic success, make more money and have stronger relationships when they are older, according to a leading psychologist.

据一名著名心理学家表示称,受欢迎的青少年在学业上更成功、能赚更多钱、当他们老了之后关系也更强。

Those who feel lower down the pecking order in the social hierarchy at school are at much greater risk for substance abuse, obesity, anxiety and depression,

而对于那些在学校社交等级中比较低的人来说,滥用药物、肥胖、焦虑和抑郁的风险更大。

They also experience more problems at work, criminal behaviour, injury, illness and suicide, according to author Mitch Prinstein.

据作者米奇.普林斯坦表示称,这些人会遇到更多工作问题、犯罪行为、伤害、疾病和自杀。

Our teenage popularity plays a greater role than even our childhood intelligence, family background, or prior psychological issues.

相比于儿童时期的智力水平、家庭背景和心理问题来说,小孩子们受欢迎的程度发挥的作用甚至更大。

This is because it changes the wiring in our brains in ways that affect our social perceptions, our emotions and how our bodies respond to stress.

这是因为它会改变我们大脑中的神经线路,从而影响我们的社会认知、情感和身体应对压力的方式。

Even as adults we all still remember exactly where we stood in the high school social hierarchy, and the powerful emotions associated with our status persist decades later,’ says Mr Prinstein in Popular: The Power of Likeability in a Status-Obsessed World.

普林斯坦在其著作《Popular: The Power of Likeability in a Status-Obsessed World》表示称:“即使作为成年人,我们仍然清楚地记得我们在高中社交等级中的地位,而与我们那一地位所伴随的强大情感几十年后仍未消弭。”

In many ways – some even beyond our conscious awareness – those old dynamics of our youth continue to play out in every business meeting, every social gathering, in our personal relationships, and even how we raise our children.

“在许多方面(有些甚至超出了我们的意识),我们年轻时代那些旧的动力将继续在每一次商业会议、社交聚会、人际关系、甚至是我们如何抚养孩子方面发挥作用。”

Our popularity even affects our DNA, our health, and our mortality in fascinating ways we never previously realised.’

“我们的受欢迎程度甚至还会以之前没有意识到的方式来影响我们的DNA、我们的健康和死亡率。”

It’s during our teenage years that we stop thinking like children and start to form our awareness of what other people think of us.

正是在青少年时期,我们停止了像孩子一样思考、开始意识到别人对我们的看法。

The memories we make can ’prejudice’ what we do later on in life and how we see and think.

这个时期我们的记忆会“影响”我们今后的生活、以及我们如何看待和思考事物。

This is what psychologists call ‘social information processing’.

这就是心理学家们所说的“社会信息处理”。

The theory is that our reactions to social situations are automatic decisions that happen immediately within seconds of an interaction.

该理论认为,我们对社会环境的反应是在相互作用几秒钟之内立即做出的自动决定。

Studies show that a key part of the brain which is activated during a social interaction is the ventral striatum.

研究表明,社交互动中大脑非常活跃的一个关键部位是腹侧纹状体。

This is a hub in our brain’s reward centre which plays a major role in making us feel good.

这是我们大脑奖励中心的枢纽,在让我们感觉良好方面起着重要的作用。

来源:爱语吧爱语吧作者:Penny

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