World Cup 2018: Everything you need to know in seven charts2018

俄罗斯世界杯:所有需要知道的,都在这七张图表里
时间:2018-06-13 单词数:9420

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导读:世界杯开赛在即,哪些信息我们必须掌握呢?一起来看看吧!

俄罗斯世界杯:所有需要知道的都在这七张图表里_最新英语新闻

Are Germany really that good at penalties? How important is home advantage? And which Mexican defender has the same World Cup scoring record as Cristiano Ronaldo?

德国队踢点球真的有那么好吗?主场优势有多重要?哪一个墨西哥后卫的世界杯进球数与C罗相同?

As World Cup fever sets in, we answer all that and more...

世界杯开赛在即,我们来探讨下这些问题,获得更多资讯……

世界杯_双语新闻

1. Who has won the World Cup?

1. 哪些球队赢得过世界杯?

Brazil are top of the table, with five tournament wins. Their last was in 2002. They hosted in 2014, but their home tournament came to a crashing end with a 7-1 semi-final humiliation by Germany.

共五次赢得世界杯冠军的巴西队是各队之首。他们最近一次夺冠是在2002年。2014年,他们是东道主,但是这一次主场作战最终却是在半决赛以1比7惨败于德国而告终。

No country outside Europe or South America has won the tournament, and victories for Germany, Spain and Italy in the past three finals mean Europe leads with 11 victories to South America’s nine.

目前尚未有欧洲和南美洲以外的球队赢得过世界杯,而最近三次世界杯决赛都是由欧洲球队胜出——冠军分别是德国、西班牙和意大利。欧洲球队共11次夺冠,南美球队则有9次。

世界杯_双语新闻

2. Who has scored the most goals?

2. 哪个球员进球最多?

German goal machine Miroslav Klose tops the chart with 16 across four World Cups. He retired in 2016, but will be going to Russia as a member of his country’s backroom staff.

德国队的进球机器米罗斯拉夫.克洛泽(Miroslav Klose,高路斯)在四届世界杯决赛当中共打进16球,是历届所有球员当中最多的。他在2016年退役,不过这一次他仍然会作为德国国家队的后勤人员,前往俄罗斯。

Brazilian Ronaldo is second with 15 goals, eight of which came in their 2002 triumph.

巴西的罗纳尔多(Ronaldo,朗拿度)则以15个总入球排名第二,其中有8球是来自帮助巴西队夺冠的2002年韩日世界杯。

France’s Just Fontaine holds the record for the most goals in a single tournament. He scored 13 in six games in the 1958 tournament.

法国球员朱斯特.方丹(Just Fontaine,方亭)则保持单届世界杯的最高进球纪录。他在1958年世界杯的六场比赛当中打入13球。

世界杯_双语新闻

3. What about current players?

3. 现役球员又是什么状况?

Of the players to have scored 10 or more World Cup goals, only Germany’s Thomas Muller will be heading to Russia as a player.

在世界杯个人进球数达到10个或以上的球员当中,只有德国人托马斯.穆勒(Thomas Muller,汤马士.梅拿)将作为球员参加俄罗斯世界杯。

To join his compatriot Klose at the top of the list, Muller would have to beat his previous record of five goals in a single tournament.

要追平他的同胞克洛泽,穆勒将需要打破自己个人单届进五球的最高纪录。

Colombia forward James Rodriguez won the Golden Boot last time out, so a repeat performance this time will put him among the best.

哥伦比亚前锋哈梅斯.罗德里格斯(James Rodriguez)在上一届世界杯赢得了最佳射手。假如他这次能复制上一届的表现,也将会成为世界杯总进球最多的球员之一。

Rafael Marquez, the only defender on the list, is going into his fifth World Cup for Mexico with the same scoring record as Cristiano Ronaldo.

这个排行榜上唯一的后卫是墨西哥人拉法尔.马奎斯(Rafael Marquez,马基斯)。本届他将代表墨西哥第五次参加世界杯,而他在世界杯赛上的进球总数与克里斯蒂亚诺.罗尔纳多(Cristiano Ronaldo,基斯坦奴.朗拿度)相当。

世界杯_双语新闻

4. Teams aren’t shooting as much as they used to

4. 现在的球队已不像过去那样经常射门

The last World Cup was a record low in terms of shots per game since at least 1966 - the first year football experts Opta hold data for.

自足球专业数据公司OPTA在1966年开始统计相关数字以来,上届世界杯是场均攻门次数最少的一届。

Despite this, the average of 2.7 goals in each 2014 game was the highest since Spain 1982.

尽管如此,2014年世界杯场均进2.7球的数据则是自1982年西班牙世界杯以来最高的。

There appears to have been a decline in the number of shots from long range. A good example is comparing the last World Cup final with the first one for which Opta has shots data - England’s triumph in 1966.

事实上,数据显示远射的次数有所减少。一个有代表性的对比是上一届世界杯与OPTA首次统计射门次数的1966年世界杯。

In the 1966 final there were twice as many shots from outside the box than inside, but of the 20 shots in the 2014 final, more were taken from inside the penalty area.

在1966年的世界杯决赛,禁区外的射门次数是2014年决赛的两倍,不过在2014年决赛的20次射门当中,在禁区内射门的次数却比1966年多。

世界杯_双语新闻

5. England may struggle but the Premier League dominates

5. 英格兰国家队或许成绩一般,但英超却占着世界杯大半壁江山

Since that win in 1966, England have only got past the quarter-finals once. But that hasn’t stopped other countries filling their squads with players from the English leagues.

自1966年夺冠以来,英格兰只有过一次跻身半决赛。然而,这并不影响英超联赛的球员占据其他国家队的多个位置。

Even with players such as Leroy Sane, Marcos Alonso and David Luiz left at home, the Premier League still supplied more players than any other.

虽然像勒罗伊.萨内(Leroy Sane,桑尼)、马科斯.阿隆索(Marcs Alonso,马高斯.阿朗素)和大卫.路易兹(David Luiz,大卫.雷斯)这样的球员都没能入选各自的世界杯国家队名单,但是英超仍然比其他任何联赛输出了更多的世界杯参赛球员。

There were 130 World Cup players registered to clubs from England’s top three leagues when the squads were announced, compared with 81 from Spain and 67 from German sides. Uruguay, Panama, Saudi Arabia and Russia are the only countries that have not called up any players based in England.

在世界杯各队大单宣布时,注册在英格兰前三个级别联赛球队的球员就多达130个,来自西班牙和德国联赛的则分别有81和67人。32支参赛队当中,只有乌拉圭、巴拿马、沙特阿拉伯以及俄罗斯没有召入任何英格兰联赛的球员。

England is also the one country where all 23 players in the squad are from teams in the same league. Sweden and Senegal are at the other end of the spectrum - they’re the only two countries without any players from their local league.

英格兰队则是唯一全部23名球员均来自同一个联赛的球队。瑞典与塞内加尔则走在另一个极端——他们的名单中没有一名球员来自本国联赛。

世界杯_双语新闻

6. How does the host team do?

6. 东道主的表现如何?

No-one in Brazil will need reminding of the two times they’ve hosted the World Cup. Losing the title to Uruguay in 1950 and going out 7-1 to Germany in 2014 were national embarrassments.

在巴西,没有人需要提醒他们两次主办世界杯的经历。在1950年,他们在主场输给了乌拉圭;在2014年,他们以7-1负于德国,令举国尴尬。

But most other countries perform better when they’re boosted by home support. Russia will hope they can follow the trend and get out of their group alongside one of Uruguay, Egypt and Saudi Arabia.

不过,大多数国家在主场球迷的支持下都能够表现得更好。俄罗斯队肯定希望他们能够延续这一传统,在拥有乌拉圭、埃及和沙特阿拉伯的小组当中出线。

If they do, South Africa will remain as the only host nation to have been eliminated in the first round.

假如俄罗斯成功小组出线,南非就将仍是唯一在世界杯第一圈出局的东道主。

世界杯_双语新闻

7. Paying the penalty

7. 点球!点球!

No World Cup report would be complete without it ending on penalties.

任何的世界杯总结都离不开点球大战。

Only one German has ever missed from the spot at a World Cup, and they’ve won all four shootouts they’ve been in. Since then they’ve scored 15 in a row in a record dating back to 1982.

在世界杯历史上,德国队只有一名球员曾经踢失过点球,而他们在经过的四次点球大战中全数取胜。自1982年以来,德国队连续15次在世界杯上罚进点球。

And in a surprise to no-one, England are the worst team in World Cup penalty shootout history, having lost three without winning any... yet.

丝毫不令人意外的是,英格兰队是世界杯点球大战历史上成绩最差的球队。他们三次在点球大战中失利,并且一次都没有赢过……目前还没有。

Italy have also been eliminated in the most cruel way three times, including the 1994 final when star player Roberto Baggio famously blasted the ball over the bar. But their 2006 final win against France probably went some way to repairing Italian feelings about the format.

意大利同样三次以最残酷的方式被淘汰出局,当中包括1994年那场决赛,球星罗伯特.巴乔(Roberto Baggio,罗拔图.巴治奥)一脚将球踢飞的画面成为世界杯历史上的经典。不过,他们在2006年对阵法国队的决赛当中赢了一回,多少令这个国家对点球决胜制度的回忆稍微不那么灰暗。

Method

计算方法

For the ’Home team tends to get more points’ graphic, the data we’ve taken from Fifa counts the result as a draw if a knockout tie was resolved on penalties and as a win or loss if the result happened in extra time. We’ve awarded three points for a win and one for a draw in knockout games as well as group-stage ones.

在“东道主场均积分”的图表中,我们从国际足联(FIFA)获取数据。如果淘汰赛中的比赛是通过点球决胜,则会被算作平局,在加时决出胜负则会被当成决出了胜负。无论是淘汰赛还是小组赛,我们都是给胜方算3分,平局各算1分。

The ’average’ is just from those countries that have hosted tournaments, rather than an average across all World Cup competitors in history.

“场均”积分只计算了那些曾经主办过世界杯的国家,而不是世界杯历史上的所有参赛队。

For the ’homegrown talent’ graphic we included the 11 countries that had the highest number of players playing in their home countries. The clubs that players are associated to is taken from the official list produced by Fifa on 4 June.

在“本土球员”的图表中,我们统计了本国联赛入选球员最多的前11个国家。球员所属俱乐部的资料则来自国际足联(FIFA)在6月4日更新发布的官员资料。

来源:BBC爱语吧作者:penny

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