Want to boost your child’s language skills? Get them piano lessons! Scientists say it can improve their skills more than regular reading想提高孩子的语言能力？学钢琴吧！ 时间:2018-07-02 单词数:3250
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The smartest children don’t read books — they play piano, a new study has found.
Playing an instrument for just six months can noticeably improve a child’s linguistic ability, according to the latest research.
Compared to children who read, those who have learnt to play the piano were far superior in their detection of various sounds.
But while the instrument can help with children’s understanding of pitch and conversation, tickling the ivories has no affect on IQ, attention span or memory.
Seventy-four Mandarin-speaking children aged four to six years old were assigned to one of three groups: piano training, reading training, or a no-contact control group.
One group received thrice-weekly 45-minute piano lessons for 6 months, one group received training in reading throughout the same period, and the third group, which acted as a control, received no training.
The study found that in just one month, children who were playing the piano outperformed the other two groups in a language test based on the sound of consonants.
The children in both the piano and reading groups performed better for vowel sounds than those in the control group.
In contrast, all three groups improved equally on general cognitive measures, including tests of IQ, working memory, and attention,’ the authors write in their paper, published today in PNAS.
The researchers found children who played the piano and were better at distinguishing between different words also showed a stronger response to the detection of pitch.
To test this, the team conducted an electroencephalography (EEG) on every child and found general improvements in sound processing ability.
This was exemplified by the amplified detection of musical pitch and lexical tone.
Although playing an instrument is not a shortcut to improved intelligence, early music training could prove to be better for the development of brain regions implicated in processing pitch.
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