The 6 Secrets to a Longer and Happier Life, According to Harvard

哈佛报告揭示让人幸福长寿的六秘诀,受益匪浅
时间:2018-09-08 单词数:5760

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导读:要幸福长寿远不是你想的那么简单,让我们再一起来学习下吧!

长寿的六秘诀_英语新闻

As women in the modern workforce, we feel considerable pressure to craft a “perfect” life. We’re groomed to desire financial security, career success, high-functioning relationships and - most elusive of all - the idea of “happiness." It’s easy to say “I want to be happy,” but it’s trickier to define exactly what that means or how to achieve it.

作为现代化生产主力军的女性,我们总能感受到创造“完美”生活的巨大压力。我们被教导要去追求经济上的安全感、事业上的成功、高效的人际关系,以及——最难以捉摸的——“幸福”的生活。只是简单的说说“我想要幸福”很容易,但要确切地定义这意味着什么或如何实现它,就难得多。

Researchers at Harvard University acknowledge the slippery nature of happiness, and chose to embark on a years-long study to get some answers on what it is and how to achieve it. Specifically, they tracked 800 individuals throughout their lives, making note of the decisions, priorities, and connections that inspired long-term happiness.

哈佛大学的研究人员认为,快乐的本质是不稳定的,他们选择展开了一项为期数年的研究,以搞清楚到底什么是幸福的生活,以及怎样才能创造出幸福生活。具体来说,他们跟踪了800个人的一生,记录下了那些能激发长期幸福生活的决定、优先级和一些连结事件。

Staying away from alcohol and tobacco will improve your health and overall happiness.

一、不吸烟、不酗酒

While the Harvard study largely focused on the impact of tobacco and alcohol abuse on male participants, its conclusions are pretty universal: drinking and smoking is a cause of stress, depression, and lifestyle dysfunction, not just a symptom. For best results, you’ll want to steer clear whenever possible.

虽然哈佛大学的研究主要关注烟草和酒精滥用对男性参与者的影响,但其结论相当普遍:饮酒和吸烟是压力、抑郁和生活方式失调的诱因,而不仅仅是显现的症状。为了得到最好的结果,你应该尽可能戒烟戒酒。

Investing in your education will reap rewards.

二、受教育的年限越多越好

Harvard’s study compared the health of workers without a college education to those with a diploma and those with a Harvard-specific diploma. While they identified little difference between the Ivy League-educated participants’ health and that of participants with a less-prestigious college education, they spotted a major distinction between the health of college-educated people and those who didn’t pursue higher education. The takeaway? A college education can lead to a healthier and longer life.

哈佛大学的研究中,将没有接受过大学教育的员工的健康状况与那些有文凭——特别是哈佛精英的健康状况进行了比较。他们发现常春藤盟校教育的参与者的健康状况与其它不太知名的大学教育程度的参与者的健康状况几乎没有区别,但他们还发现,受过大学教育的人和没有接受高等教育的人的健康状况存在重大区别。附加收益吗?大学教育能使人健康长寿。

A happy childhood results in a happy adulthood.

三、快乐的童年

While it’s certainly possible to build a happy adult life after a dysfunctional childhood, those who spent their formative years in loving homes have a happiness advantage. The Harvard researchers concluded that “how much someone was loved as a child predicted their adult income better than knowing what social class they were brought up in.” Even if you had a less-than-ideal childhood, the study emphasizes that “what went right in childhood was much more predictive [of future happiness] than what went wrong.”

尽管,一个人曾度过了不愉快的童年仍有可能在成年后过上幸福生活,但是,在是那些在充满爱的家庭中长大的孩子更有可能在长大后过上快乐的日子。哈佛大学的研究人员得出的结论是,相较于一个人成长所处的社会阶层,儿时受疼爱的程度可能对其成年后的收入影响更大。即使你的童年不那么理想,这项研究也强调,“童年时期好的经历比不好的经历更能预测(未来的幸福)。”

Strong, enduring relationships greatly impact overall happiness.

四、积极、持久的人际关系

After the study’s multi-decade run, the researchers concluded that “it was social aptitude - sometimes called emotional intelligence - not intellectual brilliance or parental social class that leads to a well-adapted old age.” The ability to maintain social connections and to create new ones predicted success more than any other external factors.

经过数十年的研究,研究人员得出结论,“是社会能力——有时被称为情商——而不是聪明才智或父母的社会阶层,导致一个人能很好地适应老年生活。维持社会关系和创造新关系的能力比任何其他外部因素都更能预测成功。

Participants who could handle unpredictable life events were poised for a happy and healthy life.

五、能够处理不可预知的生活事件

The researchers learned that “mature defenses”, or deliberate, well-conceived methods of handling the “painful thoughts and feelings produced by difficult people” have major implications on your overall happiness. While “blaming others, being passive-aggressive, living in denial, acting out and retreating into fantasy” often feel good in the short term, “mature methods of coping like altruism, sublimation, suppression and humor” resulted in longer-lasting positive effects.

研究人员发现,“成熟的防御”,或者是处理“难以相处的人产生的痛苦的想法和感觉”的深思熟虑的方法,对你整体的幸福感有重大影响。虽然“责怪他人,消极攻击,生活在否定中,宣泄,以及沉浸在幻想中”可以让人在短期内感觉良好,但“成熟的处理方法,如利他主义,升华,压抑和幽默”可带来更持久的积极影响。

Those who “give back” feel happier and more satisfied.

六、乐于回馈社会

“Generativity”, or the act of giving back to one’s community via service or monetary donations, becomes an important element of a happy life – especially as one advances in age. According to the Harvard study, “between [the ages of] 30 and 45, our need for achievement declines and our need for community and affiliation increases.” Essentially, “the best way to selfishly improve your life is to be unselfish and focus on helping those around you.”

“慷慨”,或是通过服务或金钱捐赠回馈社区的行为,成为幸福生活的重要组成部分——尤其是随着年龄的增长。根据哈佛大学的研究,“在30到45岁之间,我们对个人成就的需求下降了,对社区和归属感的需求增加了。”从本质上说,“自我改善生活的最佳途径是无私的、专注的帮助周围的人”。

来源:爱语吧爱语吧作者:悠悠

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