Robots to create millions of jobs, but these ‘safe’ careers could be hit hard

你学对专业了吗?机器人将替代这些工作
时间:2018-09-22 单词数:2320

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导读:根据世界经济论坛(WEF)的数据,机器人创造的就业岗位将是他们替代的两倍。这将会对美国劳动力结构产生重大影响,甚至会影响到每个人。

你学对专业了吗?机器人将替代这些工作_英语新闻

Robots will create double the amount of jobs that they will destroy, according to the World Economic Forum (WEF), but there will be significant shifts in the structure of America’s workforce that could impact everyone.

根据世界经济论坛(WEF)的数据,机器人创造的就业岗位将是他们替代的两倍。这将会对美国劳动力结构产生重大影响,甚至会影响到每个人。

A new WEF report, The Future of Jobs 2018, predicts that 75 million jobs will be displaced by artificial intelligence (AI), robotics and automation. But it also suggests that 133 million new jobs may be created as organizations shift the balance between human workers and machines, a net gain of 58 million.

世界经济论坛的一份新报告《2018年就业前景》预测,人工智能(AI)、机器人技术和自动化将取代7500万个工作岗位。 但随着人和机器之间组织平衡的转变,将会创造1.33亿个新工作岗位,净增5800万个工作岗位。

It is a widely held belief that routine, low-skilled jobs are most at risk for automation, but the WEF’s report showed that many middle-class roles are also at risk. Financial analysts, accountants and lawyers could all see significant changes by 2022. But manual workers could be among the hardest hit.

人们普遍认为,常规的低技能工作在实现自动化过程中是最容易被取代的,但世界经济论坛的报告显示,许多中级技能岗位也存在被机器取代的危险。金融分析师、会计师、律师等岗位都可能在2022年发生重大变化,不过体力劳动者受到的冲击最为严重。

Meanwhile, there could be a huge change in the structure of the workforce, with the executives surveyed by WEF expecting a shift away from full-time work and towards flexible, contract-based gig economy employment with a focus on productivity.

与此同时,人工智能(AI)、机器人技术和自动化将会使劳动力结构会发生巨大调整。根据世界经济论坛调查,最大的转变是以关注生产率为着眼点,很多岗位从全职模式转向基于合同灵活就业模式。

All industries expect sizable skills gaps, stating that at least 50 percent of their workforce will require reskilling of some degree. The aviation, travel and tourism industry will have the largest demand for reskilling, with 68 percent of its workforce requiring some reskilling.

预计所有行业的岗位都会有大量的技能人才缺口,至少有50%的员工需要进一步再培训。 其中航空和旅游业对再培训的需求最大,大约68%的在岗人员需要进行再培训。

来源:福克斯新闻爱语吧作者:郑大远

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