Breastfeeding better for babies’ weight gain than pumping, new study says

研究表明母乳喂养更有益于婴儿体重保持
时间:2018-09-26 单词数:2690

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导读:早期的研究已经表明母乳喂养和降低婴儿肥胖风险之间存在一定联系。但一项新的研究又发现了两者之间的另一种关联:“直接喝母乳效果最好”,甚至相比那些把母乳挤到奶瓶里再喂孩子的效果要更好。

研究表明母乳喂养更有益于婴儿体重保持__双语新闻

Research has already shown a link between breastfeeding and lower obesity risk for babies. But a new study finds another association: "Breast is best" for them even compared with giving babies breast milk out of the bottle.

早期的研究已经表明母乳喂养和降低婴儿肥胖风险之间存在一定联系。但一项新的研究又发现了两者之间的另一种关联:“直接喝母乳效果最好”,甚至相比那些把母乳挤到奶瓶里再喂孩子的效果要更好。

The benefits of direct breastfeeding included slower weight gain and lower BMI scores at 3 months, according to a Canadian study published Monday in the journal Pediatrics.

周一发表在《儿科学》(Pediatrics)杂志上的一项加拿大研究表明,直接母乳喂养能够使宝宝的体重增加速度放慢,在三个月时体重指数(BMI)保持在较低水平。

Still, even pumped breast milk was superior to none at all, in line with past research.

尽管如此,与以往的研究结果一致,即使是泵入母乳也比不喂母乳好得多。

Moms who pump go through a lot of effort to do that, and I wouldn’t want them to get the impression that it’s not worth it. But it does raise the question of, if pumped milk is not the same or not as good, why is that? And what should we be doing to support moms better around breastfeeding if that’s what they want to do? said study author Meghan Azad, research scientist at the Children’s Hospital Research Institute of Manitoba.

“那些给孩子挤奶的妈妈们每天在此大耗精力,从个人角度来讲我不想让她们觉得这样做不值得。但是挤奶确实存在一定的问题,如果挤出的奶与直接喝的不一样或者效果变差怎么办?是什么原因导致?如果妈妈们想要直接母乳喂养,我们应该做些什么来支持她们?”研究作者Meghan Azad说,他是马尼托巴省儿童医院研究所的科学家。

Of more than 2,500 infants from the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development study, those with the lowest BMI scores at 12 months were those who were breastfed -- without formula -- and who started eating other foods around 5 to 6 months. (The researchers did not distinguish how infants were fed breast milk past the 3-month outcomes.)

在加拿大健康婴儿纵向发展研究课题的2500多名婴儿中,在12个月时BMI得分最低的是那些未喝过配方奶粉、母乳喂养并且在5到6个月左右开始吃辅食的婴儿。(研究人员没有具体统计之前3个多月婴儿是如何摄取母乳的。)

Researchers say this could impact children’s risk of becoming overweight or developing obesity down the line. The new study found that stopping breastfeeding before 6 months was linked to faster weight gain, a higher body mass index at 12 months and three times the risk of being overweight compared with exclusive breastfeeding.

研究人员表示,这可能会导致儿童超重或肥胖。这项新研究发现,在婴儿6月年龄之前停止母乳喂养会导致婴儿体重增加更快、12个月时体重指数更高,与纯母乳喂养相比,超重风险可能要到三倍。

来源:美国有线电视新闻网爱语吧作者:Penny

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