Should a university teach a killer?

有教无类? 挪威冷血杀手获准上大学的缘由
时间:2018-10-05 单词数:2430

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导读:世界著名的高等学府,收到大屠杀凶手的入学申请,该如何处理?

有教无类? 挪威冷血杀手获准上大学的缘由_最新英语新闻

How should a university treat an application from a mass murderer?

世界著名的高等学府,收到大屠杀凶手的入学申请,该如何处理?

This was the question facing the University of Oslo, when Norwegian mass killer Anders Behring Breivik applied from prison to take its political science degree.In July 2011, Breivik had killed 77 people in a bomb and gun terror attack in Oslo and on the island of Utoya.

这正是挪威奥斯陆大学(University of Oslo)几年前面临的难题。2011年7月奥斯陆发生枪击案和爆炸案,77人丧生,凶手安德斯.布莱维克(Anders Behring Breivik)入狱后不久提出攻读政治学学位的申请。

The university’s decision on whether to teach him was made particularly difficult because some of the people killed by Breivik had been friends with students at the university.

当年不少遇害者的朋友,恰好就读奥斯陆大学。让杀人犯与他们共同接受高等教育,争议之大可想而知。

He had even named professors at the university as targets in his far-right "manifesto".

另外,在布莱维克的极右“宣言”中,奥斯陆大学的一些教授也是他点名攻击的目标。

And in what the university’s vice-rector called a "traumatic paradox", Breivik’s chosen degree would involve studying the very political institutions his extremist ideology had attacked.

而布莱维克选择就读的专业要学习的政治制度,正好是他信奉的极端思想所要攻击的。这在奥斯陆大学副校长看来,可谓“思之极恐的悖论”。

Nevertheless, three years ago the university agreed to let Breivik study under strict conditions and he has continued as an undergraduate student, taking a course which includes political theory, party politics, public administration and international relations..

尽管如此,3年前奥斯陆大学还是同意了布莱维克的就读申请,不过为此设定了极为严格的条件。他以本科生学习,选择的课程包括政治理论、党派政治学、公共行政学和国际关系学。

Course materials are given to him by a prison officer and he has no contact with students or academics or access to the internet.

课程资料通过监狱管理人员交给他,他与学生、教师没有任何接触,也不能上网。

The university said teaching Breivik (who has since decided to change his name) was about honouring the right of prisoners to pursue higher education if they meet the admission requirements.

奥斯陆大学说,让改名换姓的布莱维克接受教育,是为了让达到入学要求的犯人享有接受高等教育的权利。

Former rector Ole Petter Ottersen said it was "for our own sake, not his."

前奥斯陆大学校长欧勒·佩特.奥特森(Ole Petter Ottersen)说,这是“出于为我们大学考虑,而不是为他”。

Professor Svein Stolen became Oslo’s rector last year and agrees with his predecessor’s decision.

去年接任奥斯陆大学校长的斯万.司多林(Professor Svein Stolen)教授,也认同这一观点。

来源:BBC新闻爱语吧作者:Penny

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